Looking for a relaxing new hobby? Crafting homemade candles is creative and meditative fun for all ages. With just a few key supplies and some simple step-by-step guidance, you can start producing beautiful, unique candles to keep for yourself or give as heartfelt gifts. This article will provide an overview of everything you need to know as a beginner, from choosing waxes and scents to decorating dazzling designs. Let’s dive in!

Choosing Your Candle Wax 

Types of Wax

The foundation of any candle is the wax you choose. While paraffin wax is the most widely available and affordable option, soy and beeswax provide greener alternatives, depending on your budget and project goals.

Paraffin Wax

Derived from petroleum, paraffin wax is economical and easily accessible. It has a low melting point, making it easy to work with, and allows excellent fragrance throw. The biggest downside is that paraffin isn’t a sustainable, eco-friendly choice.

Soy Wax

Made from hydrogenated soybean oil, soy wax burns longer and is cleaner than paraffin. It’s biodegradable and renewable, but tends to be more expensive. Soy also holds less fragrance oil. Consider soy wax candles a premium eco-conscious option.


100% natural beeswax has a delightful honey aroma. Its high melting point makes this thick wax better for taper and votive candles than containers. Beeswax allows minimal scent throw but provides a longer burn time than soy or paraffin. As an ethical biodegradable pick, beeswax aligns well with eco-minded crafters despite its higher cost.

Blending Waxes

You can balance properties by blending waxes. For example, adding paraffin to soy or beeswax makes them creamier and easier to work with. While a 100% soy or beeswax candle maximizes natural appeal, a 70/30 soy-paraffin or beeswax-paraffin blend lets you optimize performance.

Essential Equipment

Must-Have Gear

While you can improvise many candle-making supplies, investing in a few key pieces pays off with better results.


A thermometer with a clamp is essential for monitoring wax temperatures. Target the temperature ranges specified by your wax type.

Double Boilers

A double boiler gently melts wax using the steam from the heated water below to prevent overheating. Opt for stainless steel or enameled metal, which won’t react with wax.


Seek candle molds suited to your wax type—silicone for soy or beeswax, or rigid plastic for paraffin. Match shapes and sizes to your preferred vessels.


Match wick thickness to the candle diameter, choosing wire- or paper-core wicks based on wax type. Fueling the wick sustains the flame.

Jars and containers

Glass and metal candle vessels allow for creative designs. Consider taper candle molds too.

Dyes and scents

Use pure dyes to color wax, and measure liquid fragrances carefully when scenting candles.

Improvising Equipment

In a pinch, improvise molds from cans, boxes, and even food containers! Water baths or slow cookers can substitute for double boilers.

Key Techniques & Recipes

Candle-Making Methods

While soy, paraffin, and beeswax can all be used for various candle types, some work better for certain applications.

Container Candles

Versatile container candles involve pouring wax into a vessel like a glass jar or tin can and inserting a wick once it has slightly hardened. The wax pool fills the container, floating the wick. This method allows for infinite design options. Soy and paraffin work well.


Best made with paraffin or blended waxes, votive candles use small, compact candle holders, making them ideal gifts. Arrange wicks in a mold evenly, pour wax just below the wick bottoms, then transfer to votive holders once cooled.


Taper candles require thicker pillar molds. Paraffin and beeswax hold taper shapes best. Carefully center the wicks before pouring hot wax into the mold cavity in layers, alternating colors if desired.


Use a silicon mold with indentation cups to craft tealight candles. Paraffin, soy, or blended waxes all perform well to create these versatile luminaries with pre-tabbed wicks.


For an easy beginner container candle, melt 1 pound of soy wax flakes in a double boiler, adding coloring and 4–8 ounces of fragrance if desired once melted. Carefully pour into containers, inserting wicks centered once slightly hardened.

For votives, use a 16-ounce melt of paraffin wax with wicks stuck centrally into a 12-cavity mold. Add scent and dye if you wish. Carefully pour just below wick bottoms and move to votive holders before fully hardening.

Decorating & Embellishing

Ideas for Unique Candles

Once you master basic candle-making methods, kick your creativity up a notch with unique embellishments! Experiment by gently pressing dried flowers, herbs, spices, coffee beans, or citrus zest into the top layer of wet wax before it fully hardens. Consider lavender buds, rose petals, cinnamon sticks, vanilla beans, and orange peel.

Sparkle up your candles by sprinkling glitter overtop or mixing it directly into melted wax. Try layering complimentary colors.

Create heavenly-scented candles by embedding cotton balls soaked in fragrance oils between layers of wax in clear containers.

Carve simple linear designs into the surface of freshly poured pillars and tapers. Work carefully to avoid cutting too deeply.

Presenting homemade candles

Homemade candles make heartfelt gifts, so take presentation seriously! Use cellophane, tissue paper, raffia, and ribbon when packaging finished candles. Select containers matching the candle style, like square boxes for pillars or organza bags for votives.

When gifting, include care instructions on burn time and safety guidance. For yourself, create tantalizing home displays by coordinating container candle colors and clustering pillar candles of varied heights.

Troubleshooting Issues

Common Problems

Don’t dismay over candle mishaps! Many issues have simple fixes. Does your candle have wet spots, sinkholes, or a poor fragrance throw? This indicates a wick-to-wax ratio imbalance. Use a thicker wick or pour wax at a slightly lower temperature.

For pillars with tunneling or concave wax pools, the wick is too small. Switch to a larger diameter or braided wick so melted wax can properly pool before hardening again.

If candle jar glass appears cloudy or wax adheres inside, washing it carefully with hot, soapy water should clear it up nicely.

Safety First

When dealing with hot wax, exercise extreme caution. Always wear gloves when pouring or handling melted wax. Keep pets and children away from work areas, and never leave melting wax unattended. Have an emergency fire extinguisher and baking soda solution handy to smother wax fires, however unlikely. Practicing prudence ensures safe, fun candle crafting!

Inspiration for Experimentation

Once you have the basics down, let your budding candle passion spark wild creativity! Experiment with layered jelly jar candles in pastel stripes or vibrant contrasting colors. Craft long taper candles or round pillar candles in favorite seasonal scents like cinnamon apple or pine forest. Embed dried flowers in neutral candles for Zen garden vibes. The possibilities are endless when you think outside the candle tin! Seek inspiration online, from nature, or in your own imagination. Let your homemade candles reflect the dynamic, creative artist within!

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