For those looking to delve into cheesemaking, using ewe’s milk is a fantastic place to start. The milk from our wooly friends creates cheeses that are sublimely smooth, creamy, and full-flavored. Sheep’s milk boasts higher levels of butterfat and protein than other dairy milks, meaning it produces excellent cheese yields. Therefore, turning a gallon of ewe’s milk into cheese results in wonderfully dense and tangy fresh cheeses or firm, sliceable aged varieties perfect for any cheese board. Working with ewe’s milk allows new cheesemakers to rapidly achieve delightful, palate-pleasing results.

Ewe’s Milk and Cheesemaking

Ewe’s Milk Composition

Ewe’s milk contains higher levels of fat and protein than cow’s or goat’s milk. On average, it consists of 7-8% butterfat, around double the fat levels in bovine milk. Protein content, often used to indicate cheese yield, averages 5–7% and is also significantly richer than other dairy milks. This results in more solids and less water in sheep’s milk, allowing for excellent cheese production per gallon.

Cheese Yield

With its high fat and protein levels, each gallon of ewe’s milk can be transformed into over a pound of cheese. Compare this to cow’s milk, which yields about a pound of cheese per 6–8 gallons on average. This impressive production ratio is what makes sheep’s milk cheeses like Pecorino Romano and Manchego so dense and concentrated in flavor. The high solids and lower moisture mean you achieve greater quantities of that sweet, rich sheep’s milk flavor in every bite.

Flavor Profile

The complex flavor profile of cheeses made from ewe’s milk sets them apart. They possess a sweet, nutty quality with floral, grassy notes that end with a tangy finish. Some aged varieties take on more piquant, spicy characteristics as enzymes in the sheep’s milk continue to develop and intensify during aging.

Equipment and Ingredients

Supplies and Tools

The basic equipment needed includes stainless steel pots, thermometers, ladles, slotted spoons, a curd knife, molding containers, cheesecloth, a cheese press, and aging containers like a cellar or ripening box. Kitchen items like large mixing bowls and measuring cups and spoons will also be useful. Specialized cheesemaking tools can be purchased, but most beginning home cheesemakers can gather suitable equipment from their kitchen.


The primary ingredient is fresh ewe’s milk. Raw or pasteurized milk can be used with appropriate handling. Other key ingredients are mesophilic or thermophilic cultures, which acidify and age the cheese, plus rennet to encourage curd formation. Calcium chloride helps firm the curd. Cheeses aged over 2 months will also require salt for preservation and flavor enhancement. Optional seasonings like black pepper, herbs, or spices can customize unique flavors.


Sanitizing all equipment and tools that contact the milk using heat, chemical sanitizers, or a vinegar solution helps prevent contamination by undesirable bacteria and molds for better cheese quality and safety. Maintaining a clean work environment is critical.

Basic Steps for Ewe’s Milk Cheese

Pasteurization and Ripening

If using raw milk, the first step is to pasteurize it by heating gently to 145°F for 30 minutes. This destroys harmful pathogens while preserving heat-sensitive milk components. After cooling back down, starter culture is added, and the milk is allowed to ripen undisturbed at room temperature for 12–24 hours. During this time, the starter culture acidifies the milk, lowering pH and beginning flavor development. The ripening stage helps the later coagulation stages proceed smoothly.

Renneting and Coagulation

The next step is adding rennet diluted in cool, non-chlorinated water to the ripened milk. Rennet contains enzymes like chymosin, which begin coagulating casein proteins in the milk to form a custard-like gel. This transformation from a liquid to a semi-solid state is the initial stage of cheese creation. Timing varies based on factors like milk type and age, after which the coagulated mass will be ready for the next step.

Cutting Curds and Draining Whey

Using a curd knife, the gelled mass is cut into smaller cubes or grains to expel moisture and whey. Cut size and shape impact the final moisture content. Gentle heat is applied during this step to continue moisture expulsion without over-tightening curd grains. The curds are stirred periodically to prevent matting as more whey drains out. Whey drainage rates depend on the desired finished texture, from high-moisture soft cheeses to low-moisture hard-grating varieties. Too fast drainage produces tough, rubbery curds, while slower drainage results in tender curds that yield smooth, soft cheese. Most beginner recipes call for cutting curd into roughly 1/2-inch pieces, heating gradually to about 100°F, and stirring gently until the curds pass the “clean break” test, indicating they are ready to be shaped.

First Cheesemaking Attempts

Beginning your foray into cheesemaking using heavenly ewe’s milk may feel daunting, but have no fear! Starting with simple varieties like ricotta, feta, or chevre is an achievable feat even for total novices. These soft, fresh cheeses skip steps like extensive aging or complex flavor development, allowing you to grasp the fundamental techniques of heating, coagulating, draining, salting, and shaping the curd. Trying your hand at making spreadable cheese varieties provides invaluable hands-on practice working with ewe’s milk from start to finish.

Your first attempts may not look Pinterest-perfect or totally mimic the flavor complexity of aged Manchego, but remain encouraged! Cheesemaking is an art that requires experimentation. As you calibrate ingredients like starter culture amounts, coagulation times, and heating temperatures and understand how environmental factors influence the process, your skills, judgment, and consistency will vastly improve. Before long, you’ll be crafting gorgeous Pyrenees-style wheels doused in paprika that would make any Basque shepherd proud! Fear not the flops along the way—finished or not, fresh cheese taste-testing is never failure.

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